IJNRD Research Journal

Click Here

International Peer Reviewed & Refereed Journals, Open Access Journal
ISSN Approved Journal No: 2456-4184 | Impact factor: 8.76 | ESTD Year: 2016
Scholarly open access journals, Peer-reviewed, and Refereed Journals, Impact factor 8.76 (Calculate by google scholar and Semantic Scholar | AI-Powered Research Tool) , Multidisciplinary, Monthly, Indexing in all major database & Metadata, Citation Generator, Digital Object Identifier(DOI)

Call For Paper

For Authors

Forms / Download

Published Issue Details

Editorial Board

Other IMP Links

Facts & Figure

Impact Factor : 8.76

Issue per Year : 12

Volume Published : 7

Issue Published : 78

Article Submitted : 4554

Article Published : 2142

Total Authors : 5243

Total Reviewer : 661

Total Countries : 73

Indexing Partner


This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License
Published Paper Details
Paper Title: The Shades of Darkness: An Exploratory study on Participant Roles in School Bullying among Adolescents in Mysore City
Authors Name: Ms. Iqra Mubeen Bala , Ms. Chandana R. M , Dr. Komala M
Download E-Certificate: Download
Author Reg. ID:
Published Paper Id: IJNRD2209105
Published In: Volume 7 Issue 9, September-2022
Abstract: The power of Bystanders to shape the outcome of bullying has become a known fact yet in Indian context studies highlighting the nature and construction of Bystander character in School bullying are almost non-existent. This unique cross sectional exploratory study utilized PRQ (Participant Role Questionnaire) – a peer reported measure to understand the characteristics and composition of four participant roles (assistants, reinforcers, outsiders, and defenders) Indian adolescent students play as bystanders in School bullying. The study was set in Mysore City of India and screened a total of 265 students of Class 6th and 7th from five schools selected through convenient sampling based on permission from school authorities as the study was carried offline mode during post Covid-19. This study features as one of few studies to probe the distribution and patterns of roles bystanders play in Indian settings. The results indicated highest percentage of Bystanders were Outsiders (47.7%), followed by Reinforcers (20.3%) and Defenders (17.6%) while 14.4% acted as Assistant’s when witnessing school bullying. Differences with respect to Age, Gender and Class of sample was observed the results with their implications are discussed briefly.
Keywords: Bullying, School Bullying, Bystanders, Participant Role Scale
Cite Article: "The Shades of Darkness: An Exploratory study on Participant Roles in School Bullying among Adolescents in Mysore City", International Journal of Novel Research and Development (www.ijnrd.org), ISSN:2456-4184, Vol.7, Issue 9, page no.884-892, September-2022, Available :http://www.ijnrd.org/papers/IJNRD2209105.pdf
Downloads: 000110101
ISSN: 2456-4184 | IMPACT FACTOR: 8.76 Calculated By Google Scholar| ESTD YEAR: 2016
An International Scholarly Open Access Journal, Peer-Reviewed, Refereed Journal Impact Factor 8.76 Calculate by Google Scholar and Semantic Scholar | AI-Powered Research Tool, Multidisciplinary, Monthly, Multilanguage Journal Indexing in All Major Database & Metadata, Citation Generator
Publication Details: Published Paper ID:IJNRD2209105
Registration ID: 183018
Published In: Volume 7 Issue 9, September-2022
DOI (Digital Object Identifier):
Page No: 884-892
Country: -, -, India
Research Area: Engineering
Publisher : IJ Publication
Published Paper URL : https://www.ijnrd.org/viewpaperforall?paper=IJNRD2209105
Published Paper PDF: https://www.ijnrd.org/papers/IJNRD2209105
Share Article:

Click Here to Download This Article

Article Preview
Click Here to Download This Article

Major Indexing from www.ijnrd.org
Semantic Scholar Microsaoft Academic ORCID Zenodo
Google Scholar ResearcherID Thomson Reuters Mendeley : reference manager Academia.edu
arXiv.org : cornell university library Research Gate CiteSeerX PUBLON
DRJI SSRN Scribd DocStoc

ISSN Details

ISSN: 2456-4184
Impact Factor: 8.76 and ISSN APPROVED
Journal Starting Year (ESTD) : 2016

DOI (A digital object identifier)

Providing A digital object identifier by DOI
How to Get DOI? DOI


Open Access License Policy

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License

Creative Commons License This material is Open Knowledge This material is Open Data This material is Open Content

Important Details

Social Media

Join RMS/Earn 300